Integrated Pest Management in Kenya

Integrated Pest Management Services in Kenya

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IPM is an ecosystem-based strategy that focuses on long-term prevention of pests or their damage through a combination of techniques such as biological control, habitat manipulation, modification of cultural practices, and use of resistant varieties.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a common-sense way for a commercial business to address its pest problems. This method of pest control focuses on three basic techniques: Inspecting for pests. Identifying pests.

Integrated Pest Management is a pest control approach that involves common sense and new habits to make your home less attractive to pests. For example: If you want to get rid of cockroaches – and keep them away from your home – get rid of their food and water sources.

What Is Integrated Pest Management in Kenya (IPM)?

Integrated pest management, or IPM, is a process you can use to solve pest problems while minimizing risks to people and the environment. IPM can be used to manage all kinds of pests anywhere–in urban, agricultural, and wildland or natural areas.

Definition of IPM

IPM is an ecosystem-based strategy that focuses on long-term prevention of pests or their damage through a combination of techniques such as biological control, habitat manipulation, modification of cultural practices, and use of resistant varieties. Pesticides are used only after monitoring indicates they are needed according to established guidelines, and treatments are made with the goal of removing only the target organism. Pest control materials are selected and applied in a manner that minimizes risks to human health, beneficial and nontarget organisms, and the environment.

Call 0723 362 334 / 0733 650 805 Jopestil Kenya Standard Integrated Pest Management in Kenya is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management in Kenya. From food and beverage processing plants to hotels and facilities management, we have the experience and expertise to protect your business, staff and customers from pests.

What is a pest?

Pests are organisms that damage or interfere with desirable plants in our fields and orchards, landscapes, or wildlands, or damage homes or other structures. Pests also include organisms that impact human or animal health. Pests may transmit disease or may be just a nuisance. A pest can be a plant (weed), vertebrate (bird, rodent, or other mammal), invertebrate (insect, tick, mite, or snail), nematode, pathogen (bacteria, virus, or fungus) that causes disease, or other unwanted organism that may harm water quality, animal life, or other parts of the ecosystem.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

Integrated pest management (IPM) is an effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of common-sense practices. IPM programs use current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of pests and their interaction with the environment. This information, in combination with available pest control methods is used to manage pest damage by the most economical means, and with the least possible hazard to people, property, and the environment.

The IPM approach can be applied to both agricultural and non-agricultural settings, such as the home, garden, and workplace.IPM takes advantage of all appropriate pest management options including, but not limited to, the judicious use of pesticides. In contrast, organic food production applies many of the same concepts as IPM but limits the use of pesticides to those that are produced from natural sources, as opposed to synthetic chemicals.

How Do IPM Programs Work?

IPM is not a single pest control method but, rather, a series of pest management evaluations, decisions and control. In practicing IPM, growers who are aware of the potential for pest infestation follow a four-tiered approach. The four steps include:

Set action thresholds

Before taking any pest control action, IPM first sets an action thresholds, appoint at which pest populations or environmental conditions indicate that pest control action must be taken. Sighting a single pest does not always mean control is needed. The level at which pests will either become an economic threat is critical to guide future pest control decisions.

Monitor and identify pests

Not all insects, weeds, and other living organisms require control. Many organisms are innocuous, and some are even beneficial.IPM programs work to monitor for pests and identify them accurately, so that appropriate control decisions can be made in conjunction with action thresholds. This monitoring and identification removes the possibility that pesticides will be used when they are not really needed or that the wrong kind of pesticide will be used.

Pest Prevention

As a first line of pest control, IPM programs work to manage the crop, lawn, or indoor space to prevent pests from becoming a threat. In an agricultural crop, this may man using cultural methods, such as rotating between different crops, selecting pest pest-resistant varieties, and planting pest-free rootstock. These control methods can be very effective and cost-efficient and present little to no risk to people or the environment.

Pest Control

Once monitoring, identifying, and action thresholds indicate that pest control is required, and prevention methods are no longer effective or available, IPM programs then evaluate the proper control method both for effectiveness and risk. Effective, less risky pest controls are chosen first, including highly targeted chemicals, such as pheromones to disrupt pest mating, or mechanical control, such as trapping or weeding. If further monitoring, identifications and action thresholds indicate that less risky controls are not working, then additional pest control methods would be employed, such as targeted spraying of pesticides. Broadcasting spraying of non-specific pesticides is a last resort.

Pest Protection

The objective of the pest management programme is the maintenance of pest-free conditions in all areas of the site. The following systematic approach should be taken to all pest control and pest prevention issues, that being:

Exclusive – Refers to the methods adopted in preventing pest entry into a building. Exclusion is often neglected or ignored with entire reliance being placed on destruction, in many cases after infestation has occurred. The use of pesticides may then fail to achieve the desired result because building structure and conditions within are incompatible

Restriction – Refers to the methods used in creating unfavorable conditions for pests to harbor and breed

Destruction – Refers to the physical and chemical methods that are commonly used to control pests. Although one type of pest is not specific to one type of manufacturing process, product or building type or design, some are more attracted than others. Based on assumption that no building can be rendered entirely pest-proof, the following building and machinery design best practices will reduce the risk of infestation and aid in the eradication of pests as early as possible should they occur.

The requirements of pest most buildings provide three main attractions for pests:
Food – most pests actually require very small amounts of food-an adult mouse for example, can survive on as little as grams a day. The amount of food material required in order to provide adequate conditions for survival and breeding of insects can generally be met by less than scrupulous cleaning.

Warmth – a few degrees increase in temperature may be sufficient to encourage infestation, particularly in the winter months. Conversely, ultra-low temperatures are no insurance against pests. With most species of pests an increase in temperature generates a corresponding increase in breeding frequency and numbers. Integrated pest management in Kenya.

Shelter – all buildings provide some degree of shelter or harborages for pests. It is commonly assumed that older buildings are more prone to infestation, but new buildings with enclosed roof spaces, suspended ceilings, wall cavities, paneling, raised floors, service ducts and lift shafts provide a myriad of harborages-many interconnecting-allowing a wide range of internal movement for pests.

Location – where a new building is being considered an assessment of activities, and the environment in proximity to the proposed site must be made. Landfill sites, watercourses, marshlands, derelict sites, farms and railway lines are examples of activities that often generate regular pest activity. Consider the previous use of the site and the pest history (if any) where an existing building is being renovated consider what the building was used for previously since pests may still be resident. Buildings that have previously been used in the food industry are most likely to have a pest history.


When it comes to keeping a positive bottom line and rock-solid reputation for your food products, it is important to keep your facility in tip-top shape. Every food processing facility must be audit ready, down to the last detail, at all times.

One of the keys to readiness is pest management. Without an effective pest management program in place, insects and rodents can infiltrate your facility, which can lead to food contamination, product recalls, or severe health threats. Food manufacturers should have an expectation that pests are always lurking due to the presence of food in their operations. For these businesses, the dangers of pest infestation occur at several points in the supply chain, including when raw ingredients arrive, inside machinery, in the warehouse or at the customer’s warehouse.

Solutions Needed for Businesses

The negative consequences of pest infestation is exacerbated for food manufacturing and processing operations because they are typically subject to stringent audits by customers and corporate head offices, as well as independent industry auditing bodies. When auditing is required, up-to-date and easily accessible records are essential in demonstrating that pest control is managed effectively. This is one reason many businesses subject to auditing requirements choose to collaborate with a professional pest control supplier (such as Entech Philippines), who can devote full attention to managing and documenting a proactive plan to control pests, freeing the organization to focus on its core activities.

The application of practical and scientific experience to provide a tailored solution for a particular environment is the first step in proactively minimizing the risk of pest infestation and protecting a food manufacturing business. The best approach is to have an integrated pest management (IPM) program as part of the organization’s food safety measures.

4-Step Pest Control Action Plan for Food Production Facilities

Inspect the physical plant both inside and outside for ways in which pests might enter the building, as well as for the food, water and harborage that may attract pests and allow them access into the facility. While it is easy to neglect corners when cleaning, they are a common problem area for pests for just that reason.
Identify any pests that exist and developing a specific plan to eliminate them using mechanical or bait traps, pesticides or other appropriate means. It is important to develop a system for tracking type, frequency and number of pests caught in each identified area of the facility.
Enlist the support of company management as well as production workers to implement the program, including training sanitation staff to thoroughly clean problem areas according to a specific sanitation schedule.
Monitor the program and record results, regularly. In this way, an organization can prove success and/or adjust the program if, when and where necessary. Some qualified pest control partners offer online tools for monitoring and tracking pest activity, control measures and trends.
To summarize, you must work with your pest management professional to establish a custom integrated pest management program, and to ultimately ensure that pests don’t plague your facility. A proactive approach to pest management, IPM, places a heavy emphasis on facility maintenance and sanitation, using chemical treatments only as a last resort. Additional components of IPM programs at food manufacturing plants include sanitary design, documentation, ongoing monitoring, and staff training.

While no two facilities are ever alike, pests tend to target certain areas. Take a look around your facility and find these “hot spots,” and then work with your pest management provider to develop a plan that will keep your facility secure.

Jopestil Kenya Standard Integrated Pest Management in Kenya

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