The issue of growing urbanization, improved housing and use of appropriate footwear presumably have led to an overall reduction of the occurrence of tungiasis in many world nations including African countries. However, it is still a highly prevalent disease where people live in poverty, such as in the innumerable shanty towns of big cities or in the rural hinterland. Those areas share many factors favoring a high attack rates stray dogs and feral cats, pigs in close vicinity to living quarters, unpaved streets, mud and dusty floors in houses, insufficient or non-existent sanitation; and pest infestation with rats and mice especially in areas without rubbish disposal.
Many people, especially children, mostly walk barefoot or only wear slippers. Illiteracy, ignorance and neglect presumably are other factors favoring the high prevalence of severe pathology in children living in these circumstances. Tungiasis mainly is a disease of the poor.
Surprisingly, the ecology of the ectoparasite has never been investigated thoroughly. There is no systematic description of the morbidity associated with tungiasis, particularly of the acute and chronic complications it may cause. There are no reliable data on age-related point and period prevalence rates and seasonal fluctuations in poor neighborhoods. Risk factors predisposing to infection and to chronic sequels are not understood. Chemotherapeutic approaches have never been validated and methods for control have not been tested properly.
Without doubt, tungiasis is still a widespread disease of great individual and public health relevance. It has been neglected by all, affected populations, medical professionals and health authorities. It is imperative to increase scientific knowledge about to create awareness of the debilitating sequels this ectoparasite may cause and to design methods for its control.
JIGGER CONTROL -Cutting the fleas out of the foot and soaking it in alcohol or another disinfectant is the only way to treat the disease once an infestation has
occurred. Cutting out the jiggers is a painful process, and often all the jiggers cannot be removed in one sitting. In Kenya, an estimated 1.4 million infected persons (translating to four per cent of the total population) suffer from jigger infestation. They leave most victims unable to walk, work, or carry out any activities such as going to school. Areas of Uganda, Tanzania and other African countries with similar climates also have large areas of infestation.
Jiggers control in schools, jiggers control in rural areas, jiggers control in communities remains a hard nut to crack, but can be eradicated if tackled well. Call us as the professional pest control service provision in Nairobi Kenya.
The female jiggers burrow into the skin, usually of the hands and feel, and lay egg sacks which can grow up to the size of a pea. The jigger flea continue to multiply by laying more eggs, causing an infection which leads the body to become ulcerated and inflamed. It can also cause lymphangitis- a swelling of the lymph nodes, as well as gangrene, tetanus and blood poisoning. Victims often lose their toenails and are forced to have their digits amputated. While in small numbers jiggers are not deadly, the secondary infections such as gangrene and tetanus can be fatal.
There is also a social stigma and shame associated with the victims of jiggers which causes them to hide the problem, making it worse. Patients often use the same scalpel or pin to cut out the jiggers, therefore infections such as HIV/Aids are passed from person to person. Jiggers also burrow into the skin of animals like dogs, cats, rats, pigs, cattle and sheep, so people living in rural areas are likely to catch them. But they are also found in the dust and on dirt floors of many homes and schools.
For a complete eradication of the bug, thorough fumigation of homes, schools and animals need to take place. Charities in infected regions also encourage the local populations to wear shoes and observe cleanliness to prevent future infestations.
WHAT ARE JIGGER FLEAS?
Jiggers are small chigoe fleas that live in the dust, and are found on the dirt floors in schools and the homes of many families in Uganda and other similar climates. These parasitic insects cling to livestock and transfer jiggers into homes primarily in rural areas. The female jiggers burrow into the surface of skin that has been exposed to the flea.
Jigger flea – once embedded in the body, the jigger lays eggs and creates up to pea-
size egg sacks and continues to multiply by laying more eggs. These wounds are painful, and cause difficulties for victims in daily activities such as walking, playing, and attending school. The infection can lead to severe inflammation, ulceration and fibrosis.
Jigger -It can also cause lymphangitis, gangrene, sepsis, and the loss of toenails, amputation of the digits, and death may also occur. There is also a social stigma and shame associated with the victims of jiggers which causes them to hide the problem which makes it worse. While jiggers in small numbers are not deadly, the secondary infections (gangrene, tetanus and other diseases) caused by jiggers can be fatal.
Jiggers infestation remains to be a pinching problem in local poor communities as a result of poor living standards. For real Jiggers need an utmost care which is quite expensive for the poor to reach at. Once there occurs an infestation in the household the better remedies are very high for the poor. I say it’s upon the counties to plan and have a vivid program to check on the jiggers not eat into our communities while we observe in silence. Take a stand against this…remember we are all present in Kenya…
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